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Wednesday, 09 March 2016 18:52

Omelock

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Omelock

Omeprazole

 

Presentation

Omelock 20 capsule : Each capsule contains Omeprazole BP 20 mg as enteric coated 8.5% pellets.

Omelock 40 capsule : Each capsule contains Omeprazole BP 40 mg as enteric coated 8.5% pellets.

 

Description

Omeprazole is a substituted benzimidazole that suppresses gastric acid secretion by specific inhibition of the gastric acid proton pump (H+/K+ ATPase enzyme) at the secretory surface of the gastric parietal cell. It blocks the final step of acid secretion. After oral administration, the onset of the antisecretory effect of Omeprazole occurs within one hour, with the maximum effect occurring within two hours and the duration of inhibition lasts up to 72 hours. The antisecretory effect lasts far longer than would be expected from the very short (less than one hour) plasma half-life, apparently due to prolonged binding to the parietal H+/K+ ATPase enzyme. Following absorption, Omeprazole is almost completely metabolized and rapidly eliminated mostly through urine.

 

Indications and Uses

Omelock (Omeprazole) is indicated for the treatment of-

Heartburn, Any symptoms of GERD, Erosive esophagitis (both curative and maintenance therapy), Duodenal ulcer, Gastric ulcer, Reduction of risk of upper GI bleeding in critically ill patients.

 

 

Dosage and Administration

Omelock (Omeprazole) should be taken before meal. No dosage adjustment is necessary for patients with renal impairment, hepatic dysfunction or for the elderly.

Duodenal Ulcer: The recommended adult oral dose is 20 mg once daily. Most patients heal within four weeks. Some patients may require an additional four weeks of therapy.

Gastric Ulcer: The recommended adult oral dose is 40 mg once a day for 4-8 weeks.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): The recommended adult oral dose is 20 mg daily for up to 4 weeks.

Erosive esophagitis: The recommended adult oral dose is 20 mg daily for 4 to 8 weeks.

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: The recommended adult oral starting dose is 60 mg once a day. Dosage should be adjusted to individual patient needs and should continue for as long as clinically indicated. Doses up to 120 mg t.i.d. have been administered. Daily dosages of greater than 80 mg should be administered in divided doses.

 

Side Effects

Omeprazole is well tolerated and adverse reactions have generally been mild and reversible. Side effects may include headache, diarrhoea, constipation, abdominal pain, nausea/vomiting and flatulence, dizziness, paraesthesia, somnolence, insomnia and vertigo, increased liver enzymes, rash, dermatitis and/or pruritis, urticaria, Malaise. Others include hypersensitivity reactions e.g. angioedema, fever, bronchospasm, interstitial nephritis and anaphylactic shock.

 

Precautions

Symptomatic response to therapy with Omeprazole does not preclude the presence of gastric malignancy. Immediate Release Omeprazole formulations contain sodium bicarbonate which should be taken into consideration for patients on a Sodium-restricted diet.

 

Use in Pregnancy and Lactation

Pregnancy: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies on the use of Omeprazole in pregnant women. Therapeutic doses during pregnancy are unlikely to pose a substantial teratogenic risk. Omeprazole should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit to pregnant women justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

 

Lactation: Omeprazole is excreted in human milk. Thus, a decision should be taken to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.   

 

Contraindications

Omeprazole is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to any component of the formulation.

 

Drug interactions

Omeprazole can prolong the elimination of Diazepam, Warfarin, Phenytoin and other vitamin K antagonists. No interaction with Theophylline or Propranolol was found. There have been clinical reports of interaction with other drugs metabolized via the cytochrome P-450 system e.g. Cyclosporine, Disulfiram, Benzodiazepines. Patients should be monitored to determine if it is necessary to adjust the dosage of these drugs when taken concomitantly with Omeprazole.

 

Overdose

Symptoms were transient, and no serious clinical outcome has been reported with Omeprazole overdose. No specific antidote for Omeprazole overdose is known. Omeprazole is extensively bound with protein and is, therefore, not readily dialyzable. In the event of overdose, treatment should be symptomatic and supportive.

 

Pharmaceutical Precautions

Patients should be cautioned that the Omeprazole capsule should not be chewed or crushed and should be swallowed whole. Omeprazole should be stored in a cool and dry place, away from light. Keep out of the reach of children.

 

Commercial Pack

Omelock 20 capsule : Each box contains 6 alu-alu blister strips of 10 capsules.

Omelock 40 capsule : Each box contains 3 alu-alu blister strips of 10 capsules.

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